Marayoor

Marayoor Sandal Division was formed as per GO (MS) 67/2005/Forest dated 08.06.2005. The Head Quarters of the Division is at Marayoor. There are two territorial Ranges of Marayoor and Kanthalloor in addition to a functional Range of Special Investigation Unit, Marayoor (SIU, Marayoor). The extent of forests under the various Ranges in this Division is as follows

Range

Extent

(Sq km)

Marayoor

41.041

Kanthalloor

20.267

Total

61.308

 

 

AFZAL AHAMMAD

DIVISIONAL FOREST OFFICER

MARAYOOR SANDAL DIVISION

MARAYOOR PO, IDUKKI

PHONE 04865 252988, 9447979047

 

 

 

 

 Marayoor Sandal Depot comes under Maryoor Range. This is the only sandal depot of the state.

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Sandal Forest Division - Marayoor

           

           

            Marayoor Sandal Forest Division is situated in Idukki Revenue District of Kerala. It is the only Sandal Forest Division in Kerala having large natural population of sandal trees. It is coming under the administrative control of High Range Circle, Kottayam.

 

            The Division is formed on 18.07.2005 as per GO (MS) No: 67/2005/Forest dated 08/06/2005. The division headquarters is at Marayoor. Two Ranges namely Marayoor and Kanthalloor are functioning under this division with headquarters at Marayoor and Kanthalloor. Both these Ranges are having 2 Forest Stations each viz., Marayoor & Nachivayal under Marayoor Forest Range and Kanthalloor & Vannanthura in Kanthalloor Range.

 

            Altitude of the area varies from 2500 m to 1000 m. Annual rainfall is about 1000 to 1500 mm. The temperature varies from 200 to 360 Celsius. The atmosphere is highly humid throughout the year. Relative Humidity is 80% and above. In the interior regions, the humidity from December to March is between 70 to 80 % in the afternoon. The River Pambaar and its tributaries constitute the Pambaar watershed in the Division. The total forest area of the division including Sandal Reserves, Proposed Reserves & Vested Forests is 6275.094 Ha. (62.75 Sq. Km.)    

Area of the Division

 

Total area of the division (in Ha.)

 

Range

Sandal   Reserve

Proposed   Reserve

Vested   Forest

EFL

Total

Marayoor

619.066

3541.00

7.550

18.030

4178.096

Kanthalloor

841.718

1185.00

0.000

70.280

2096.998

Total

1460.784

4726.00

7.550

88.310

6282.644

 

Sandal bearing areas

Sl. No

Name of Reserve

Extent (Ha.)

No. of Trees

Tree Density

(Trees/Ha.)

 

Marayoor   Range

 

 

 

1

Sandal Reserve No. 51 and Sandal   Reserve No. 51 Extension

293.50

0

0.000

 

Sl. No.

Name of Reserve

Extent (Ha.)

No. of Trees

Tree Density

(Trees/Ha.)

2

Sandal Reserve No. 52 and Sandal   Reserve No. 52 Extension

53.326

8339

156.378

3

Sandal Reserve No. 54 and Sandal Reserve   No.54 Extension

18.078

1829

101.173

4

Sandal Reserve Nachivayal Block   No.I

135.315

19446

143.709

5

Sandal Reserve Nachivayal   –Extension-I, II & III

10.126

0

0.000

6

Sandal Reserve Nachivayal Block   No.II

101.171

8511

84.125

7

Vested Forest, Pallanadu

7.55

552

73.113

 

Total

619.066

38677

62.476

 

Kanthalloor   Range

 

 

 

1

Karayoor   Sandal Wood Reserve Block I

120.000

5119

42.658

2

Karayoor   Sandal Wood Reserve Block II

97.248

7742

79.611

3

Vannanthura   Sandal Wood Reserve Block I

114.566

2186

19.081

4

Vannanthura   Sandal Wood Reserve Block II

509.904

4690

9.198

Total

841.718

19737

23.448

 

Grand Total

1460.784

58414

39.988

 

Administration

 

            For administrative convenience the division is divided into two Ranges viz., Marayoor and Kanthalloor. Each Range is having two Forest Stations namely Marayoor & Nachivayal and Kanthalloor & Vannanthura respectively. There is no Section and Beat in this Division.

Administrative units and Sub-Units of Marayoor Sandal Division

Range

Forest station

Section/Beat

Out Post

Check Post

Name

HQ

Name

HQ

Marayoor

Marayoor

Marayoor

Marayoor

Nil

Nil

Chatta-

munnar

Nachivayal

Anakkalpetty

Kanthalloor

Kovil   Kadavu

Kanthalloor

Pious Nagar

Nil

Palap-

pety

Pious   Nagar

Vannanthura

Vannanthura

  

Staff Strength as on 01.11.2012

 

Sl. No.

Designation

Sanctioned Strength

Present Strength

1

Divisional Forest   Officer

1

1

2

Range Officer

3

2

3

Senior Superintendent

1

1

4

Deputy Ranger

4

4

5

Head Accountant

1

1

6

Forester

16

16

7

Forest Guards

52

52

8

UD/LD Clerk

8

8

9

Typist

1

1

10

Driver

7

6

11

Peon

3

2

12

PT Sweeper

7

6

Total

104

100

Sandal Protection

 

For effective sandal protection sandal bearing areas of the Forest Stations are divided into Protection Blocks (Marayoor Forest Station - 2 Nos, Nachivayal Forest Station – 3 Nos, Kanthaloor Forest Station - 2 Nos and Vannanthura Forest Station - 3 Nos) and each Blocks are further divided into Protection Units (Marayoor Forest Station - 6 Nos, Nachivayal Forest Station – 10 Nos, Kanthaloor Forest Station - 9 Nos and Vannanthura Forest Station - 9 Nos). Deputy Ranger of the station coordinates all the protection activities of the blocks coming under his jurisdiction. Foresters are in charge of Protection Blocks and Forest Guards are in charge of Protection Units. Foresters from the concerned Forest Stations are assigned with the direct supervision and charge of each Protection Blocks which consists of 2 - 4 Protection Units. Charge of a Protection Unit is assigned to a Forest Guard for a specified period of 30 days in the case of Kanthalloor, Marayoor and Nachivayal Forest Stations and 10 days in the case of Vannanthura Forest Station. While handing over the charge of a Protection Unit they should jointly perambulate the area and make sure that there is no unaccounted illicit felling. In addition to this totally 152 daily waged protection watchers are used for protection activities.

 

Service of at least one Range Officer is made available throughout the night for monitoring night patrolling activities of the division. Range Officers concerned coordinates all the protection and administration activities of his Range. Divisional Forest Officers supervises and coordinates all the protection activities of the division. Details of protection blocks / units are furnished below.

 

Camp Sheds

 

            In Marayoor Sandal Division we are having 4 permanent camp sheds viz.   Mattumantha in Marayoor Forest Station, Sekhar Kuzhy in Nachivayal Forest Station, Anchuveedu in Kanthalloor Forest Station and Ullavayal in Vannanthura Forest Station. In addition to this temporary camp sheds were maintained every year in different locations of the sandal bearing areas.

 

Sandal Dog Squad

 

As per G.O.(Rt) 241/10/F&WLD dated 31.05.2010 Government have accorded sanction for establishing a Dog Squad at Marayoor for the protection of sandalwood by checking illicit collection and illicit transport of sandalwood oil subject to the condition that no creation of post in this regard is allowed and the proposed Dog Squad will be Manned by personnel by deployment.

 

In this connection Sri. G. P Pradeep Kumar and Sri. Anup Raveendran, Forest Guards of this division has expressed their willingness in writing for being considered for posting as dog handlers to the Dog Squad. They have undergone training as handlers at State Dog Training School, KEPA, Thrissur.

 

 

              On 06.08.2011 after completing the training the Dog Squad became functional with headquarters at Nachivayal.

 

Name of dog             :           Dingo @ Kichu

Date of birth                        :           22.04.2010

Breed                          :           Labrador retriever

Training given                        :           Sniffer

Name of handlers    :           Sri. G. P. Pradeep Kumar, FG & Sri. Anoop Ravindran, FG 

 Sandal Offences

 Year wise statement of sandal offences as on 01.11.2012

 

Sl. No.

Year

No. of sandal cases booked

No. of sandal trees felled

1

2000

49

97

2

2001

131

351

3

2002

300

1641

4

2003

211

793

5

2004

338

2660

6

2005

480

2496

7

2006

77

109

8

2007

56

61

9

2008

47

51

10

2009

49

56

11

2010

61

68

12

2011

33

37

13

2012

26

46

 

 

 

 

 

 

           

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sandalwood classification and auction procedure

 

 

Marayoor Sandal Depot is the only one Sandal Depot in Kerala. Sandalwood collected from the entire area of the State have to be transported to here and further processing will be carried out in the Government Depot. The sandalwood available in Government Sandal Depot is put for public auction after two cleanings namely rough cleaning and fine cleaning. The cleaning is done by the tribal people of Marayoor who are skilled in cleaning sandalwood traditionally.

           

The existing classification of sandalwood as per the Kerala Forest Code, Vol. - III is 13 classes. The classification followed at Government Sandal Depot, Marayoor is as follows.

Classification of Sandalwood

 

I

First Class Billets (or Vilayat budh)

Consists of thoroughly sound billets, weighing not less than 9 kgs, and   not exceeding 112 pieces to the tone.

II

Second Class billets (or China budh)

Consists of slightly inferior billets, weighing not less than 4.50 Kgs.   and not exceeding 224 pieces to the tone.

III

Third Class (or Panjam)

Consists of billets having small knots, cracks and hollows, weighing   not less than 2.2 Kgs and not exceeding 448 pieces to the tone.

IV

Ghotla (or billets of short length)

Consists of short sound or no limit as to weight or number.

V

Ghat badia

Consists of billets with knots, cracks and small hole at either end,   weighing not less than 4.5 Kgs and not exceeding 240 pieces to the tone.

VI

Bagradad

Consists of solid pieces without limit as regards dimensions, weight or   number.

VII

Roots (First class)

Consists of pieces weighing not less than 6.75 Kgs and not exceeding   150 pieces to the tone.

VIII

Roots (Second Class)

Consists of pieces weighing not less than 2.25 Kgs and not exceeding   448 pieces to the tone.

IX

Root (Third Class) Ghat

Consists of small and side roots below 2.25 Kgs in weight.

X

Jajpokal (First class) or Badla

Consists of pieces weighing not less than 3.10 Kgs and not exceeding   320 pieces to the tone.

XI

Cheria (or large Chilta chips Sali)

Consists of pieces and chips of heartwood weighing not less than 2.25   gms.

XII

Ain chilta

Consists of pieces and small chips of heartwood.

XIII

Saw dust or powder

Obtained in sawing the sandalwood.

 

Sandal Auction

 

Sandal auction is conducted every year in Marayoor Sandal Depot depending on the availability of cleaned sandalwood. The Divisional Forest Officer conducts the auction in the presence of Chief Conservator of Forests.

 

Conditions regarding sandal auction

 

  • Minimum EMD is `. 50,000/-
  • The successful tenderer / bidder should remit the full sale value if the tender / bid value is less than `. 50,000/-
  • If the tender/bid value is more than `. 50,000/-, 35% of sale value, subjected to a minimum of `. 50,000/- and a maximum `. 1,50,000/-, should be remitted on the date of auction either in cash or Demand Draft drawn from a Nationalized Bank in favour of Range Officer, Marayoor which is payable at SBT, Munnar.
  • If the 35% of the sale value is more then `. 1,50,000/-, the balance amount should be remitted within seven days from the date of auction in the Sub-Treasury, Devikulam and the receipt chalan should be produced before Range Officer, Marayoor.
  • The material will be released only after remitting the sale value and related taxes and other charges as prescribed below.

 

Sale Value

VAT @ 13.5%

Cess @ 1% of VAT

FDT @ 5% of (Value + VAT + Cess)

Income Tax @ 2.5% of (Value + VAT + Cess + FDT)

Surcharge @ 10% of the Income Tax amount beyond 10 lakhs

Educational Cess @ 3% of (Income Tax + Surcharge)

 

 Regeneration

 

            A study ‘Improving Sandal Population in Marayoor Sandal Reserves through Assisted Natural Regeneration and Planting Improved Seedlings’ was conducted by Dr. M. Balasundaran, Scientist, KFRI during the period from 2006 to 2008. The final report of the Project was published during 2010 as KFRI Research Report No. 349. The main reasons for poor establishment of sandal seedlings as per the study by KFRI are

 

1. Weed growth

2. Grazing and trampling by wild animals

3. Scarcity of water

4. Poor quality of the seeds

 

Experimental Plot

 

            Based on the decision taken in the 10th Sandal Monitoring Committee meeting held on 24.09.2010 chaired by the Principal Chief Conservator of Forests & Head of Forest Forces, an experimental plot having an extent of 10 Ha. was selected and treated at Karimpara area in Marayoor Forest Station during the year 2010-2011. The following treatments were exploited.

 

  1. vThree types of weeding
  • Full knife weeding (C1)
  • Strip weeding (C2)
  • Lantana uprooting (C3)

 

  1. vThree types of Regeneration Techniques
  • Sowing of seeds in full knife weeded area (C1A1)
  • Planting of seedlings in full knife weeded area (C1A2)
  • Root sucker exposure in full knife weeded area (C1A3)
  • Sowing of seeds in strip weeded area (C2A1)
  • Planting in strip weeded area (C2A2)
  • Root sucker exposure in strip weeded area (C2A3)
  • Sowing of sandal seeds in lantana uprooted area (C3A1)
  • Planting seedlings in lantana uprooted area (C3A2)
  • Root sucker exposure, entire lantana uprooted area (C3A3)
  •  
  1. vTending operations
  • Weeding
  • Watering

 

  1. vProtection
  • Barbed wire fencing
  • Fire protection

 

Join with us for protecting our traditional valuable National Wealth "SANDAL"

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

 
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