Peppara Wildlife sanctuary

Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary
Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary falls between 80 34' and 80 41'N latitude and 770 6' and 770 14'E longitude and is located in the Kerala state, Thiruvananthapuram district, Nedumangad taluk. The area was previously a part of Paruthippally Range of Thiruvananthapuram Forest Division and is presently under the Thiruvananthapuram Wildlife Division. Peppara wildlife sanctuary, spreading across an area of was constituted during the year 1983 vide GO (P) No. 379/83/AD dated 21-12-1983. It was declared as a wildlife sanctuary consequent to the construction of a dam at Peppara, in order to cater to the needs of drinking water purposes of Thiruvananthapuram and suburban areas. Out of the of the sanctuary area, is the water spread area of the reservoir.
Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary is nestled in the western slope of southern region of the Western Ghats in Nedumangad Taluk of Thiruvananthapuram District. It is located about 50kms east of Thiruvananthapuram city. The Headquarters of the sanctuary is Peppara. The nearest railway stations is Thiruvananthapuram, 45kms from the sanctuary; nearest bus stations are Vithura 14kms & Thiruvananthapuram 45kms; and the nearest Airport is  Thiruvananthapuram International Airport which is 55kms from the sanctuary.
Flora and Vegetation- The floral diversity is very high with a relatively high percentage of endemism. The sanctuary is home to several rare, endemic and threatened plants such as Bentinckia condapanna, Poeciloneuron pauciflorum, Humboldtia unijuga, Eugenia floccose, Eugenia discifera, Ardisia missionis, Eria bonaccordensis, Janakia arayalpatra, Dialium travancorium, Semecarpus auriculata, Polyscias acuminata, Paphiopedilum druryi, Eulophia macrostachya, Eulophia cullenii, Hetaria ovalifolia, Chiloschista glandulosa.The vegetation include-

  •     Southern hilltop tropical evergreen forests
  •     West coast tropical evergreen forest
  •     West coast tropical semi evergreen forest
  •     Pioneer euphorbiaceous scrub
  •     Moist bamboo brakes
  •     Southern secondary moist mixed deciduous forest
  •     Myristica swamp forest
  •     Sub montane hill valley swamp forest
  •     Riparian forest
  •     Grasslands
  •     Southern subtropical hill forest
  •     Ochlandra reed brakes
  •     Bentinckia condapanna brakes

Fauna- Faunal diversity is considered to be a strong indicator of health of any ecosystem. An area of of sanctuary lying continuous with the Neyyar wildlife sanctuary in the Southeast, Agasthyavanam biological park in the West and the Kalakkad-Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve on the east offers ideal habitat for the long term survival of several species of wildlife. The reservoir formed by the Peppara Dam is the major source of water for the animals and habitat for several water birds.

  •    43 species of mammals, 233 species of birds, 46 species of reptiles, 13 species of amphibians and 27 species of fishes are identified from the sanctuary. Major mammals include Elephant, Gaur, Sambar deer, Lion Tailed Macaque, Nilgiri Langur, Nilgiri Marten, Slender Loris, Sloth Bear, Leopard Cat etc. The occasional presence of Tiger and Leopard adds to the faunistic wealth of the sanctuary.
  •     Of the 233 species of Birds, important sightings include Painted bush quail, Black rumped flameback, Three toed kingfisher, Red winged crested cuckoo, Forest eagle owl, Grey headed fishing owl, Tiger bittern, Nilgiri wood pigeon,  Black & orange flycatcher, Kerala laughing thrush etc.
  •     Among the 13 species of Amphibians are Common Indian toad, Indian bull frog, Jerdon’s bull frog, Indian tree frog, Malabar tree frog etc. Among the fishes are species such as Filament barb, Tilopia, Silver fish, Cat fish, Eel etc


Present Staff Stregth


Sl.No Post Strength Present incumbent
1 Asst.Wildlife Warden 1

J. Suresh

2 Section Forest Officer 3
3 Beat Forest Officer 5
4 Clerk 1
5 Office Attendant 1
6 Part time sweeper 1


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